The top 11 ESG standards in circulation

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Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) - 1997 - Voluntary

Provides a comprehensive sustainability reporting framework to help organizations disclose their economic, environmental, and social impacts

Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) - 2011 - Voluntary

Provides industry-specific standards for the disclosure of financially material sustainability information to investors

Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) - 2015 - Voluntary

Provides guidance on how companies should disclose climate-related financial risks and opportunities in their annual financial filings

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) - 2015

Provides a set of global goals aimed at ending poverty, protecting the planet, and ensuring that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030

Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) - 2000 - Voluntary

Provides a global disclosure platform for companies to report their environmental impacts and risks

International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) - 2010 - Voluntary

Provides a framework for companies to communicate how they create value over time by focusing on the connection between financial, environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors

Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) - 2006 - Voluntary

Provides a framework for investors to incorporate ESG factors into their investment decision-making and ownership practices

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14001 and 26000 - 1996, 2010 - Voluntary

ISO 14001 provides a framework for companies to manage their environmental impacts, while ISO 26000 provides guidance on social responsibility

Ceres Sustainability Reporting Framework - 1990's - Voluntary

Provides a comprehensive reporting framework for companies to disclose their sustainability performance and impacts, with a particular focus on water scarcity and climate risk

Dow Jones Sustainability Indices (DJSI) - 1999

Provides a benchmark for investors to track the performance of sustainability leaders in each industry

Europe’s Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) - 2019 - Mandatory

Intends to provide investors with more information on the ESG risks of their investments and encourage investment in sustainable companies